The term ‘Female fertility’ refers to the ability of a woman to conceive a child biologically. However, if a woman of reproductive age has not been able to conceive despite having unprotected sexual intercourse for over a year, there is a high chance that the woman has fertility issues that are inhibiting her chances of getting pregnant.
Generally, medical issues are seen as major factors contributing to infertility in women. Some common medical conditions that cause female infertility include ovulation disorders, blockage of Fallopian tubes (caused due to pelvic inflammatory disease), conditions affecting womb, and Endometriosis.
Besides such medical conditions, age is also a major factor that can affect a woman’s fertility. Delaying pregnancy post age 30 starts to decline fertility in women and post 35, it declines further steeply. Simply put, for a woman of age 30 or above the chances of getting pregnant successfully are relatively low.
While conditions such as the ones mentioned above may not be in your control or may require specific medical aid, there are certain simple techniques that you can adopt to naturally strengthen your reproductive health. These ways include certain lifestyle choices that are totally in your control and can increase or decrease your chances of conceiving a child.
Being overweight or underweight can adversely affect your chances of getting pregnant by disturbing hormone production and inhibiting normal ovulation process. Maintaining a healthy weight increases the frequency of ovulation, thereby aiding in successful conception.
The kind of diet we maintain triggers any good and bad changes in our bodies. In order to keep your reproductive health fit, a healthy diet counts majorly. Though there is no specific diet known to promote fertility in women, a nutritious diet including prenatal vitamins that contains folic acid is considered an integral part of preconception care.
While there are mixed evidence behind how caffeine can affect a woman’s chance of conceiving, some researches have shown that consuming too much of caffeine may cause fluctuating levels of oestrogen hormone. Considering this, it is generally advised to limit your caffeine consumption to about 200 milligrams a day.
While physical activity is undoubtedly an integral part of a healthy lifestyle, intense aerobic sessions can significantly harm fertility in women by reducing progesterone production and inhibiting normal ovulation process. If you are overweight, consult your doctor to know how much of aerobic activity is sufficient to keep your reproductive health maintained.
Cigarettes, Alcohol, STIs
Besides the above mentioned lifestyle choices, women who are trying to get pregnant should keep themselves protected against Sexually Transmitted Infections, quit the habit of smoking as it depletes eggs prematurely and also minimize or completely avoid alcohol consumption. Excessive drinking increases the risk of ovulation disorders.